The origins of the Inquisition in fifteenth century Spain

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The origins of the Inquisition in fifteenth century Spain

Netanyahu, B. (Benzion), 1910-2012.

New York : Random House, [1995]

xxii, 1384 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.

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The Spanish Inquisition was responsible for one of the fiercest repressions in human history. It fused the triple evil of a police state, a totalitarian ideology, and racial persecution. Its terrible reverberations have been felt in our own century, and are likely to be felt in the next. Yet for all its notoriety, its origins have never been fully explored or clearly understood before now. What caused this monstrous attack upon Spain's so-called conversos - the Christian descendants of the Jews who had been forced to convert during the anti-Semitic riots that swept across Spain at the end of the fourteenth century? Were the thousands of conversos who died at the hands of the Inquisition in fact secretly still Jews, only pretending to be good Christians, as the Inquisition charged and as most scholars continue to believe? In this magnum opus, the renowned scholar B. Netanyahu shows us that this claim is groundless. After a lifetime of research in long-unexamined Spanish sources, he reveals that at the time of the Inquisition, almost all conversos were in fact full-fledged Christians, and that the few Judaizers among them had dwindled into insignificance. The vast machinery of the Inquisition could not have been founded to kill a dying movement. What, then, was its purpose? The Origins of the Inquisition answers this question definitively. By examining Spanish anti-Semitism from its origins, Professor Netanyahu demonstrates that the brutal anti-converso movement that led to the Inquisition was the same one responsible for the massacre of Jews in Spain in 1391 and the ensuing mass conversion of Spanish Jews (at sword-point) to Christianity. The rapid rise of the conversos to high royal offices - higher, even, than those attained by their Jewish forefathers - made them the target of the same forces that had persecuted the Jews. It was to remove the conversos from their influential positions, and to prevent their intermarriage with the Spanish people, that they were accused of being secret Judaizers and members of a "corrupt" race that would "pollute" the Spanish blood. This was the first time that extreme anti-Semitism was wedded to a theory of race - a union that would dramatically affect the course of modern history.

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ISBN:

978-0-679-41065-2

ISBN:

978-0-679-41065-2

LC Call No:

BX1735 .N48 1995

Dewey Class No:

272/.2/0946 20

Author:

Netanyahu, B. (Benzion), 1910-2012.

Title:

The origins of the Inquisition in fifteenth century Spain / B. Netanyahu.

Edition:

First Edition.

Physical:

xxii, 1384 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.

ContentType:

text txt rdacontent

MediaType:

unmediated n rdamedia

CarrierType:

volume nc rdacarrier

BibliogrphyNote:

Includes bibliographical references (pages 1323-1348) and index.

Summary:

The Spanish Inquisition was responsible for one of the fiercest repressions in human history. It fused the triple evil of a police state, a totalitarian ideology, and racial persecution. Its terrible reverberations have been felt in our own century, and are likely to be felt in the next. Yet for all its notoriety, its origins have never been fully explored or clearly understood before now. What caused this monstrous attack upon Spain's so-called conversos - the Christian descendants of the Jews who had been forced to convert during the anti-Semitic riots that swept across Spain at the end of the fourteenth century? Were the thousands of conversos who died at the hands of the Inquisition in fact secretly still Jews, only pretending to be good Christians, as the Inquisition charged and as most scholars continue to believe? In this magnum opus, the renowned scholar B. Netanyahu shows us that this claim is groundless. After a lifetime of research in long-unexamined Spanish sources, he reveals that at the time of the Inquisition, almost all conversos were in fact full-fledged Christians, and that the few Judaizers among them had dwindled into insignificance. The vast machinery of the Inquisition could not have been founded to kill a dying movement. What, then, was its purpose? The Origins of the Inquisition answers this question definitively. By examining Spanish anti-Semitism from its origins, Professor Netanyahu demonstrates that the brutal anti-converso movement that led to the Inquisition was the same one responsible for the massacre of Jews in Spain in 1391 and the ensuing mass conversion of Spanish Jews (at sword-point) to Christianity. The rapid rise of the conversos to high royal offices - higher, even, than those attained by their Jewish forefathers - made them the target of the same forces that had persecuted the Jews. It was to remove the conversos from their influential positions, and to prevent their intermarriage with the Spanish people, that they were accused of being secret Judaizers and members of a "corrupt" race that would "pollute" the Spanish blood. This was the first time that extreme anti-Semitism was wedded to a theory of race - a union that would dramatically affect the course of modern history.

Subject:

Inquisition--Spain.

Subject:

Christian converts from Judaism--History.

Subject:

Jews--Spain--History.

Subject:

Antisemitism--Spain--History.

Subject:

Jews--Spain--History.

Subject:

Antisemitism.

Subject:

Christian converts from Judaism.

Subject:

Inquisition.

Subject:

Jews.

Subject:

Oorsprong.

Subject:

Inquisitie.

Subject:

Inquisition

Subject:

Vorgeschichte

Subject:

Spanien.

Subject:

Marranos (Judíos)--Historia.

Subject:

Judíos en España--Historia.

Subject:

Antisemitismo--España--Historia.

Link:

Table of contents

Link:

Publisher description

Link:

Cover image

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250 Edition   $a Edition statement  First Edition.
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504 BibliogrphyNote   $a Bibliography, etc. note  Includes bibliographical references (pages 1323-1348) and index.
505 ContentsNote 0   $a Formatted contents note  Historical background -- The reign of Juan II -- Enrique IV and the Catholic kings -- The origins of the Inquisition -- Appendices.
520 Summary   $a Summary, etc. note  The Spanish Inquisition was responsible for one of the fiercest repressions in human history. It fused the triple evil of a police state, a totalitarian ideology, and racial persecution. Its terrible reverberations have been felt in our own century, and are likely to be felt in the next. Yet for all its notoriety, its origins have never been fully explored or clearly understood before now. What caused this monstrous attack upon Spain's so-called conversos - the Christian descendants of the Jews who had been forced to convert during the anti-Semitic riots that swept across Spain at the end of the fourteenth century? Were the thousands of conversos who died at the hands of the Inquisition in fact secretly still Jews, only pretending to be good Christians, as the Inquisition charged and as most scholars continue to believe? In this magnum opus, the renowned scholar B. Netanyahu shows us that this claim is groundless. After a lifetime of research in long-unexamined Spanish sources, he reveals that at the time of the Inquisition, almost all conversos were in fact full-fledged Christians, and that the few Judaizers among them had dwindled into insignificance. The vast machinery of the Inquisition could not have been founded to kill a dying movement. What, then, was its purpose? The Origins of the Inquisition answers this question definitively. By examining Spanish anti-Semitism from its origins, Professor Netanyahu demonstrates that the brutal anti-converso movement that led to the Inquisition was the same one responsible for the massacre of Jews in Spain in 1391 and the ensuing mass conversion of Spanish Jews (at sword-point) to Christianity. The rapid rise of the conversos to high royal offices - higher, even, than those attained by their Jewish forefathers - made them the target of the same forces that had persecuted the Jews. It was to remove the conversos from their influential positions, and to prevent their intermarriage with the Spanish people, that they were accused of being secret Judaizers and members of a "corrupt" race that would "pollute" the Spanish blood. This was the first time that extreme anti-Semitism was wedded to a theory of race - a union that would dramatically affect the course of modern history.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Inquisition
    $z Geographic subdivision  Spain.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Christian converts from Judaism
    $x General subdivision  History.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Jews
    $z Geographic subdivision  Spain
    $x General subdivision  History.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Antisemitism
    $z Geographic subdivision  Spain
    $x General subdivision  History.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Jews
    $z Geographic subdivision  Spain
    $x General subdivision  History.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Antisemitism.
    $2 Source of heading or term  fast
    $0   (OCoLC)fst00810769
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Christian converts from Judaism.
    $2 Source of heading or term  fast
    $0   (OCoLC)fst00858969
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Inquisition.
    $2 Source of heading or term  fast
    $0   (OCoLC)fst00973796
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Jews.
    $2 Source of heading or term  fast
    $0   (OCoLC)fst00983135
650 Subj:Topic 17  $a Topical term  Oorsprong.
    $2 Source of heading or term  gtt
650 Subj:Topic 17  $a Topical term  Inquisitie.
    $2 Source of heading or term  gtt
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Inquisition
    $2 Source of heading or term  gnd
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Vorgeschichte
    $2 Source of heading or term  gnd
650 Subj:Topic 07  $a Topical term  Spanien.
    $2 Source of heading or term  swd
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Marranos (Judíos)
    $x General subdivision  Historia.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Judíos en España
    $x General subdivision  Historia.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Antisemitismo
    $z Geographic subdivision  España
    $x General subdivision  Historia.
651 Subj:Geog $a Geographic name  Spain.
    $2 Source of heading or term  fast
    $0   (OCoLC)fst01204303
651 Subj:Geog $a Geographic name  Spanien
    $2 Source of heading or term  gnd.
653 IT:Uncontrol $a Uncontrolled term  Antisemitism
    $a Uncontrolled term  History
    $a Uncontrolled term  Spain
653 IT:Uncontrol $a Uncontrolled term  Christian converts from Judaism
    $a Uncontrolled term  History
653 IT:Uncontrol $a Uncontrolled term  Geschichte
    $a Uncontrolled term  1400-1500
653 IT:Uncontrol $a Uncontrolled term  Inquisition
    $a Uncontrolled term  Spain
653 IT:Uncontrol $a Uncontrolled term  Jews
    $a Uncontrolled term  History
    $a Uncontrolled term  Spain
655 IT:Genre $a Genre/form data or focus term  History.
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776 08  $i   Online version:
    $a   Netanyahu, B. (Benzion), 1910.
    $t   Origins of the Inquisition in fifteenth century Spain.
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    $d   New York : Random House, ©1995
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